Models on adaptive strategies of hunter-gatherers derived from the analysis of lithic tools

Schmidt_Banner_nConcepts and methods applied to Solutrean points from Iberia

 Isabell Schmidt Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, African Archaeology, University of Cologne, Germany

Dr. des. Isabell Schmidt
Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, African Archaeology, University of Cologne, Germany

Archaeological research has developed numerous approaches to trace past human behaviour and its ability to adapt to different or changing environmental and social conditions. Although differences and changes are generally perceived on very broad temporal and spatial scales in prehistory, methods applied to archaeological remains frequently operate on local, momentary scales.

The present study of a specific type of lithic tools – the so-called Solutrean points, deriving from Iberian sites dated to the Last Glacial Maximum – intends to bridge the gap by using the conceptual framework of risk and cost in the study of lithic technological organisation. It explores technological strategies applied during individual life-histories of functionally similar, but typologically distinct tools. The results obtained by a multistranded set of analytical methods are summarised into point-type profiles and subsequently compared within and between environmentally distinct regions.

ubp_pcoa_transf1This comparative approach allows identifying adaptive strategies within the processes of making, using and reusing these specific tools that clearly distinguish functionally similar tools from northern and southern Iberia. The study shows that identification of technological strategies, considering contextual information, opens up new perspectives on cultural developments and adaptive strategies of hunter-gatherers during the Upper Solutrean.

 Event Information:

Date, Time: 28/04/2014, 17:45 h – 19:00 h

Location: Room S12, Seminargebäude (Building 106), Universitätsstraße 37 , Cologne

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