Water resources assessment in arid data-scarce regions – multidisciplinary research in Egypt

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Dr. Mohamed Youssif

Arid regions are highly vulnerable with respect to environmental and particularly hydrological changes. Data scarcity for most of these areas (such as Egypt and the most of Middle East) is a great challenge for hydrogeological investigation at practical scales. Moreover, climate change will exacerbate groundwater-related problems by reduction in recharge rates in some areas, increased reliance on groundwater resources due to decrease in the reliability of surface-water sources, saltwater intrusion due to sea-level rise, and deterioration of groundwater quality by increased flushing of urban and agricultural wastes.

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Tracing population movement across eastern Africa and Eurasia through lithic technology during the late Pleistocene (End of MIS 6 to MIS 4)

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MaeGoder

Dr. Mae Goder, Max Planck Weizmann Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel

Many archaeologists associate the appearance of Homo sapiens and modern behavior with the Middle Stone Age of Africa. Over the years numerous models have been developed to explain how and why modern humans left Africa and dispersed throughout the world. The majority of these models are based on skeletal and genetic data as well as climatic data, while paradoxically very few incorporate archaeological data.

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Analysis of Migration Processes due to Environmental Conditions between 40,000 and 14,000 a BP in the Balkan region through Luminescence Dating

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This PhD topic lies within the B1 project, which deals with the paleoenvironmental conditions during modern human migration through southeastern Europe. A multi-proxy approach combining sedimentology, geochemistry, rock magnetism and luminescence dating is applied on loess-paleosol sequences on geoarchives in Hungary, Serbia and Romania.

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Beyond out of Africa: the North African Middle Stone Age as a window into human origins

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EScerri

Dr. Eleanor Scerri British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Oxford

Hypotheses invoking fossil and archaeological data from the North African Middle Stone Age (MSA) include a gradual, multiregional origin of our species within Africa, an intricate history of within and out of Africa dispersals and the demographically induced origins of complex culture (d’Errico et al., 2009; Gunz et al., 2012; Scally and Durbin, 2012; Harvati and Hublin, 2013; Scerri et al., 2014a, 2014b). However, the North African MSA itself remains poorly understood, despite the implications of these hypotheses.

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Las Tablas de Daimiel (Spain): water, climate and people

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Juan Santisteban

Dr. Juan Santisteban
Department of Stratigraphy of the
Complutense University of Madrid (Spain)

Juan I. Santisteban (Santi) is Lecturer at the Department of Stratigraphy of the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) and Rosa Mediavilla is researcher at the Spanish Geological Survey (IGME). Both are sedimentologists and stratigraphers specialized in terrestrial deposits (fluvial and lacustrine) and interested in the integration of multiproxy data in the interpretation of terrestrial basins.

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The Motivation for the Seasonal Movement of Bison Hunters on the Northwestern Plains of North America

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Gerald Oetelaar

Prof. Gerald A. Oetelaar, Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

To western researchers, the structure of the grasslands ecosystem on the Northwestern Plains of North America is determined primarily by climate as modified locally by topography, drainage, and sediments. The seasonal availability of the different grasses determines the migratory behaviour of bison which, in turn, influences the movement of human populations. Bison ecology and behaviour also determine the patterns of human aggregation and dispersal. Long-term climatic fluctuations, as measured by effective moisture and temperature, influence the net primary productivity of the short grass plains and, by extension, the size of the bison population.

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