Arid regions are highly vulnerable with respect to environmental and particularly hydrological changes. Data scarcity for most of these areas (such as Egypt and the most of Middle East) is a great challenge for hydrogeological investigation at practical scales. Moreover, climate change will exacerbate groundwater-related problems by reduction in recharge rates in some areas, increased reliance on groundwater resources due to decrease in the reliability of surface-water sources, saltwater intrusion due to sea-level rise, and deterioration of groundwater quality by increased flushing of urban and agricultural wastes.
Many archaeologists associate the appearance of Homo sapiens and modern behavior with the Middle Stone Age of Africa. Over the years numerous models have been developed to explain how and why modern humans left Africa and dispersed throughout the world. The majority of these models are based on skeletal and genetic data as well as climatic data, while paradoxically very few incorporate archaeological data.
My name is Viviane Bolin and I am a member of the CRC 806 project C1 ‘Continuity or Discontinuity? Patterns of Land Use and Climatic Changes in the Late Pleistocene of the Iberian Peninsula’. I studied Prehistoric Archaeology in Bochum and Hamburg from 2006 to 2012. Continue reading
This PhD topic lies within the B1 project, which deals with the paleoenvironmental conditions during modern human migration through southeastern Europe. A multi-proxy approach combining sedimentology, geochemistry, rock magnetism and luminescence dating is applied on loess-paleosol sequences on geoarchives in Hungary, Serbia and Romania.
Hypotheses invoking fossil and archaeological data from the North African Middle Stone Age (MSA) include a gradual, multiregional origin of our species within Africa, an intricate history of within and out of Africa dispersals and the demographically induced origins of complex culture (d’Errico et al., 2009; Gunz et al., 2012; Scally and Durbin, 2012; Harvati and Hublin, 2013; Scerri et al., 2014a, 2014b). However, the North African MSA itself remains poorly understood, despite the implications of these hypotheses.
Juan I. Santisteban (Santi) is Lecturer at the Department of Stratigraphy of the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) and Rosa Mediavilla is researcher at the Spanish Geological Survey (IGME). Both are sedimentologists and stratigraphers specialized in terrestrial deposits (fluvial and lacustrine) and interested in the integration of multiproxy data in the interpretation of terrestrial basins.
Ine Léonard and Hannah Parrow-Souchon are PhD students in Project B1 “The Eastern Trajectory: Last Glacial Paleogeography and Archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean and of the Balkan Peninsula” of the CRC 806 at the Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Cologne.
Arne Kappenberg is a PhD student at the Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation – Division Soil Science – at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University in Bonn since July 2013.
Maria and Jasmijn are PhD students in Projects C1 and C3 of the CRC 806 at the University of Cologne. Jasmijn and María started their PhD projects on the 1st of January 2014. They will reconstruct the climatological variability and its influence on the human settlement on the Iberian Peninsula during MIS 3-1.
To western researchers, the structure of the grasslands ecosystem on the Northwestern Plains of North America is determined primarily by climate as modified locally by topography, drainage, and sediments. The seasonal availability of the different grasses determines the migratory behaviour of bison which, in turn, influences the movement of human populations. Bison ecology and behaviour also determine the patterns of human aggregation and dispersal. Long-term climatic fluctuations, as measured by effective moisture and temperature, influence the net primary productivity of the short grass plains and, by extension, the size of the bison population.